Exfoliation of layered materials, a typical route to obtain 2D materials, is not easily controlled because of the unpredictable downsizing processes. In particular, the thickness control remains as a complex challenge. Here, we found a correlation between the thickness and lateral size distribution of the exfoliated nanosheets, such as transition metal oxides and graphene oxide. The layered composites of the host metal oxides and interlayer organic guests are delaminated into the surface-modified nanosheets in organic dispersion media. The exfoliation behavior varies by combination of the hosts, guests, and dispersion media. Here, we found that the thick and thin nanosheets were obtained on the monodispersed and polydispersed conditions, respectively. The selective syntheses of the thick and thin nanosheets were achieved using a prediction model of the lateral size distribution. The correlation between the thickness and lateral size distribution can be applied to thickness-selective syntheses of 2D materials.
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