Active control of optical properties, particularly in the infrared (IR) regime, is critical for the regulation of thermal emission. However, most photonic structures and devices are based on a sophisticated design, making the dynamic control of their IR properties challenging. Here, we demonstrate self-adaptive control of IR absorptivity/emissivity in a simple stacked structure that consists of an oxide plasmonic nanocrystal layer and a phase change material (VO2) layer, both fabricated via a solution process. The resonance wavelength and emission intensity for this structure depend on the phase of the VO2. This has potential applications for thermal emission structures (e.g., self-adaptive radiative cooling and IR camouflage). The proposed structure is a candidate low-cost and scalable active photonic platform.
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