Issues regarding missing data are critical in observational and experimental research. Recently, for datasets with mixed continuous–discrete variables, multiple imputation by chained equation (MICE) has been widely used, although MICE may yield severely biased estimates. We propose a new semiparametric Bayes multiple imputation approach that can deal with continuous and discrete variables. This enables us to overcome the shortcomings of MICE; they must satisfy strong conditions (known as compatibility) to guarantee obtained estimators are consistent. Our simulation studies show the coverage probability of 95% interval calculated using MICE can be less than 1%, while the MSE of the proposed can be less than one-fiftieth. We applied our method to the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) dataset, and the results are consistent with those of the previous works that used panel data other than ADNI database, whereas the existing methods, such as MICE, resulted in inconsistent results.
|ジャーナル||Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2020 6 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability