Separation of water-alcohol mixtures using carbon nanotubes under an electric field

研究成果: Article査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a promising candidate for separation membranes because of their ability to transport substances at very high flow rates. However, there is a tradeoff between achieving a high selectivity using small pore sizes and the reduction of water flux. Here, using molecular dynamics simulations, we report that CNTs can effectively separate water-methanol mixtures under an electric field. Without an electric field and under piston pressure, both water and methanol flow through a CNT, resulting in no separation effect. In contrast, under an electric field and high piston pressure, CNTs allow selective water permeation while rejecting the permeation of methanol molecules. This separation effect is caused by the ordered structures of water molecules in the CNT. A high filtering effect is observed under the conditions of high methanol concentration in the solution or even with large-diameter CNTs up to 3.39 nm. As long as the ordered structure of water in the CNTs can be maintained, the strong filtering effect can be maintained.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)15431-15438
ページ数8
ジャーナルPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
21
28
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 物理学および天文学(全般)
  • 物理化学および理論化学

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