Serial monitoring of circulating melanoma cells during neoadjuvant biochemotherapy for stage III melanoma: Outcome prediction in a multicenter trial

Kazuo Koyanagi, Steven J. O'Day, Rene Gonzalez, Karl Lewis, William A. Robinson, Thomas T. Amatruda, He Jing Wang, Robert M. Elashoff, Hiroya Takeuchi, Naoyuki Umetani, Dave S.B. Hoon

研究成果: Article

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Purpose: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in blood may be important in assessing tumor progression and treatment response. We hypothesized that quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction using multimarker mRNA assays could detect CTCs and be used as a surrogate predictor of outcome in patients receiving neoadjuvant biochemotherapy (BC) for melanoma. Patients and Methods: Blood specimens were collected at four sampling points from 63 patients enrolled on a prospective multicenter phase II trial of BC before and after surgical treatment of American Joint Committee on Cancer stage III melanoma. Each specimen was assessed by quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for expression of four melanoma-associated markers: melanoma antigen recognized by T cells 1; β1 → 4-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; paired box homeotic gene transcription factor 3; and melanoma antigen gene-A3 family, and the changes of CTCs during treatment and prognostic effect of CTCs after overall treatment on recurrence and survival were investigated. Results: At a median postoperative follow-up time of 30.4 months, 44 (70%) patients were clinically disease free. In relapse-free patients, the number of detected markers significantly decreased during preoperative BC (P = .036), during postoperative BC (P = .002), and during overall treatment (P < .0001). Marker detection after overall treatment was associated with significant decreases in relapse-free and overall survival (P < .0001). By multivariate analysis using a Cox proportional-hazards model, the number of markers detected after overall treatment was a significant independent prognostic factor for overall survival (risk ratio, 12.6; 95% CI, 3.16 to 50.5; P = .0003). Conclusion: Serial monitoring of CTCs in blood may be useful for indicating systemic subclinical disease and predicting outcome of patients receiving neoadjuvant BC for metastatic melanoma.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)8057-8064
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Clinical Oncology
23
発行部数31
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2005 12 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

これを引用

Koyanagi, K., O'Day, S. J., Gonzalez, R., Lewis, K., Robinson, W. A., Amatruda, T. T., Wang, H. J., Elashoff, R. M., Takeuchi, H., Umetani, N., & Hoon, D. S. B. (2005). Serial monitoring of circulating melanoma cells during neoadjuvant biochemotherapy for stage III melanoma: Outcome prediction in a multicenter trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 23(31), 8057-8064. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2005.02.0958