Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between serum total bilirubin concentration and complicated macrovascular diseases, such as cerebrovascular disease (CBVD), cardiovascular disease (CAD), and peripheral arterial disease (PAD), in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study in 674 patients with type 2 diabetes. Serum total bilirubin concentration was compared between patients with and without CBVD, CAD, and PAD. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for CBVD, CAD, and PAD. Associations between total bilirubin concentration and the number of complicated macrovascular diseases were analyzed. Results: Patients with CBVD and PAD showed significantly lower serum total bilirubin concentrations than did those patients without those diseases. However, the bilirubin concentration did not differ between patients with and without CAD. Total bilirubin concentration was an independent predictor of CBVD, but not of CAD or PAD. There was a statistically significant trend for a decrease in bilirubin concentration in the presence of an increasing number of macrovascular diseases. Conclusion: The presence of more than one macrovascular disease, called polyvascular disease, carries a high risk for cardiovascular mortality. Serum total bilirubin concentration may be useful as a clinical biomarker of polyvascular disease.
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