STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, nationwide case series. OBJECTIVE: To identify preoperative factors associated with myelopathy and neurological impairment in patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Various studies have reported clinical outcomes following the surgical treatment of OPLL. However, there has been no large-scale study of preoperative clinical features in patients with cervical OPLL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from 28 institutions nationwide in Japan. In total, 512 patients with neurological impairment caused by cervical OPLL requiring surgery were enrolled. Basic demographic and clinical data, including age, sex, diabetes status, body mass index, smoking history, and disease duration were collected. C2-7 lordotic angle, canal narrowing ratio, range of motion in flexion-extension at C2-7, and type of OPLL were evaluated on lateral radiographs to identify factors influencing the clinical features of patients with OPLL in whom surgery was planned. RESULTS: Complete documentation was available for 490 patients (362 male, 128 female). In total, 34 patients had the localized type, 181 had the segmental type, 64 had the continuous type, and 211 had the mixed type. Although there were no significant differences in age, body mass index, disease duration, Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, and lordotic angle at C2-7 according to the type of OPLL, significant differences were observed in a range of motion at C2-7 and the canal narrowing ratio among the 4 types. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the JOA score was significantly associated with age and signal intensity change on magnetic resonance imaging. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first large-scale, prospective, multicenter case series study to investigate factors influencing preoperative neurological status in patients with OPLL. Age and signal intensity change on magnetic resonance images were significantly associated with JOA score in patients requiring surgery.Level II.
ASJC Scopus subject areas