Severity of Myelopathy is Closely Associated With Advanced Age and Signal Intensity Change in Cervical Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament: A Prospective Nationwide Investigation

Takashi Hirai, Toshitaka Yoshii, Satoru Egawa, Kenichiro Sakai, Kazuo Kusano, Yukihiro Nakagawa, Kanichiro Wada, Keiichi Katsumi, Kengo Fujii, Atsushi Kimura, Takeo Furuya, Narihito Nagoshi, Tsukasa Kanchiku, Yukitaka Nagamoto, Yasushi Oshima, Kei Ando, Masahiko Takahata, Kanji Mori, Hideaki Nakajima, Kazuma MurataShunji Matsunaga, Takashi Kaito, Kei Yamada, Sho Kobayashi, Satoshi Kato, Tetsuro Ohba, Satoshi Inami, Shunsuke Fujibayashi, Hiroyuki Katoh, Haruo Kanno, Shiro Imagama, Masao Koda, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Katsushi Takeshita, Morio Matsumoto, Masashi Yamazaki, Atsushi Okawa

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, nationwide case series. OBJECTIVE: To identify preoperative factors associated with myelopathy and neurological impairment in patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Various studies have reported clinical outcomes following the surgical treatment of OPLL. However, there has been no large-scale study of preoperative clinical features in patients with cervical OPLL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from 28 institutions nationwide in Japan. In total, 512 patients with neurological impairment caused by cervical OPLL requiring surgery were enrolled. Basic demographic and clinical data, including age, sex, diabetes status, body mass index, smoking history, and disease duration were collected. C2-7 lordotic angle, canal narrowing ratio, range of motion in flexion-extension at C2-7, and type of OPLL were evaluated on lateral radiographs to identify factors influencing the clinical features of patients with OPLL in whom surgery was planned. RESULTS: Complete documentation was available for 490 patients (362 male, 128 female). In total, 34 patients had the localized type, 181 had the segmental type, 64 had the continuous type, and 211 had the mixed type. Although there were no significant differences in age, body mass index, disease duration, Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, and lordotic angle at C2-7 according to the type of OPLL, significant differences were observed in a range of motion at C2-7 and the canal narrowing ratio among the 4 types. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the JOA score was significantly associated with age and signal intensity change on magnetic resonance imaging. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first large-scale, prospective, multicenter case series study to investigate factors influencing preoperative neurological status in patients with OPLL. Age and signal intensity change on magnetic resonance images were significantly associated with JOA score in patients requiring surgery.Level II.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)E155-E161
ジャーナルClinical Spine Surgery
35
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 2月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 外科
  • 整形外科およびスポーツ医学
  • 臨床神経学

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