Short fusion strategy for lenke type 1 thoracic curve using pedicle screw fixation

Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe, Yoji Ogura, Eijiro Okada, Naobumi Hosogane, Kazuhiro Chiba, Yoshiaki Toyama

研究成果: Article

14 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study OBJECTIVE: Short fusion using pedicle screws (PSs) with an attempt to attain maximum correction of the main thoracic curve was conducted for patients with a Lenke type 1 curve, to prevent postoperative left shoulder elevation. The outcomes were compared with those of conventional surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Excessive correction of the main thoracic curve by PSs causes problematic left shoulder elevation even in a Lenke type 1 curve. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients (3 male, 35 female, mean age 16.2 years, mean follow-up 24 mo) with Lenke type 1 curve underwent posterior corrective surgery using PSs. The upper instrumented vertebra was 1 level below the end vertebra in 14 patients (short, S group), and it was at the end vertebra in 24 patients (conventional, C group). There was no difference in the preoperative Cobb angle (51.8 vs. 58.0) or curve flexibility (49.7 vs. 46.1) between the 2 groups. Radiographic results, perioperative data, and scoliosis research society 22 scores were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The postoperative Cobb angle of the main curve after surgery was 13.2±5.7 degrees in the S group and 10.6±7.3 degrees in the C group (not significant). The clavicle angle was -2.1±2.8 degrees versus -2.7±2.6 degrees before surgery (not significant), and 0.8±2.3 versus 3.8±2.4 after surgery (P<0.05). The number of fused vertebrae, mean surgical time, and estimated blood loss were significantly lower in the S group than in the C group. The scoliosis research society 22 score at follow-up was not different between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: The short fusion strategy for a Lenke type 1 curve can produce equivalent correction of the main curve and clinical outcomes to conventional fusion strategy with less surgical time and blood loss, while maintaining better shoulder balance.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)93-97
ページ数5
ジャーナルJournal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques
26
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 4 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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