Shoup and the Japan mission: Organizing for investigation

W. Elliot Brownlee, Eisaku Ide

研究成果: Chapter

抄録

In the years immediately after World War II, Carl Shoup focused primarily on the reconstruction of the U.S. tax system, just as he had earlier. An unexpected opportunity arose, however, to undertake a major international tax mission – the mission to Japan during the American occupation. Shoup did not hesitate in seizing the opportunity. He recognized that the reform project would be of unprecedented scope and significance and might have the potential to influence the future of worldwide taxation. Meeting the challenge, however, would require far more effort and organization than in Shoup’s work in France and Cuba. The agenda would be much more robust; the mission’s objectives were more ambitious and complicated. It seemed to have the primary goal of promoting democracy in Japan, rather than relieving American creditors or taxpayers. It would require attention to the changes that Keynesian ideas had made in the analysis and prescriptive advice of economists. To implement the objectives of the mission, he decided that he had to revise the organizational platform for reform that General Douglas MacArthur had built during the American occupation of Japan. In particular, Shoup had to strengthen the commitment of both occupation authorities and the Japanese government to principles of tax reform, and to enhance their ability to investigate economic and fiscal conditions within Japan.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルThe Political Economy of Transnational Tax Reform
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルThe Shoup Mission to Japan in Historical Context
出版社Cambridge University Press
ページ195-227
ページ数33
ISBN(電子版)9781139519427
ISBN(印刷版)9781107033160
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 1 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 経済学、計量経済学および金融学(全般)

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