Simulation of high-speed droplet impact against a dry/wet rigid wall for understanding the mechanism of liquid jet cleaning

Tomoki Kondo, Keita Ando

研究成果: Article査読

27 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Physical cleaning techniques are of great concern to remove particulate contamination because of their low environmental impact. One of the promising candidates is based on water jets that often involve fission into droplet fragments. Particle removal is believed to be achieved by droplet-impact-induced wall shear flow. Here, we simulate a high-speed droplet impact on a dry/wet rigid wall to investigate the wall shear flow as well as water hammer after the impact. The problem is modeled by the axisymmetric compressible Navier-Stokes equations and solved by a finite volume method that can capture both shocks and material interface. As an example, we consider the impact of a spherical water droplet (200 μm in diameter) at velocity from 30 to 50 m/s against a dry/wet rigid wall. In our simulation, we can reproduce both acoustic and hydrodynamic events. In the dry wall case, the strong wall shear appears near the moving contact line at the wetted surface. On the other hand, once the wall is covered with the liquid film, the wall shear stress gets weaker as the film thickness increases - a similar trend holds for the water-hammer shock loading at the wall. According to the simulated base flow, we compute hydrodynamic force acting on small particles that are assumed to be attached at the wall, in a one-way-coupling manner. The hydrodynamic force acting on the particles is estimated under Stokes' assumption and compared to particle adhesion of van der Waals type, enabling us to derive a simple criterion of the particle removal.

本文言語English
論文番号013303
ジャーナルPhysics of Fluids
31
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 1 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 計算力学
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 材料力学
  • 機械工学
  • 流体および伝熱

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