We have developed a probe-system for simultaneous measurement of three velocity components and pressure in turbulent flows. A miniature total pressure probe is placed adjacent to the sensors of a triple hot-film probe in order to achieve the spatial resolution which is equivalent to that of the triple hot-film probe itself. The instantaneous static pressure is calculated from measured velocity and total pressure by means of a newly developed processing method based on the Bernoulli equation for unsteady flows. The measurements were undertaken in a turbulent wing-tip vortex flow. The look-up table method is employed for the calibration of the hot-film probe so accurate velocity data could be obtained over a wide range of the flow-attack angles. It is also demonstrated that the present probe-system is capable of measuring fluctuations in both velocity and pressure in the 20-650 Hz frequency range. The distribution of the fluctuating pressure obtained by this indirect method is in good agreement with the results from direct measurements of static pressure, demonstrating the promising performance of the present method. Furthermore, an improvement in the ability to make measurements of the velocity-pressure correlation across the wing-tip vortex is achieved. This improvement is possible because the effects of lateral velocity components are properly taken into account in the present formulation. The investigation regarding the transport equation budget for turbulent kinetic energy shows an anomalous structure of turbulence in this flow, mainly due to the meandering of the vortex, and the measurement of pressure diffusion is found to play an important role in the characterization of this kind of flow.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry