Single-spin qubits in isotopically enriched silicon at low magnetic field

R. Zhao, T. Tanttu, K. Y. Tan, B. Hensen, K. W. Chan, J. C.C. Hwang, R. C.C. Leon, C. H. Yang, W. Gilbert, F. E. Hudson, K. M. Itoh, A. A. Kiselev, T. D. Ladd, A. Morello, A. Laucht, A. S. Dzurak

研究成果: Article査読

17 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Single-electron spin qubits employ magnetic fields on the order of 1 Tesla or above to enable quantum state readout via spin-dependent-tunnelling. This requires demanding microwave engineering for coherent spin resonance control, which limits the prospects for large scale multi-qubit systems. Alternatively, singlet-triplet readout enables high-fidelity spin-state measurements in much lower magnetic fields, without the need for reservoirs. Here, we demonstrate low-field operation of metal-oxide-silicon quantum dot qubits by combining coherent single-spin control with high-fidelity, single-shot, Pauli-spin-blockade-based ST readout. We discover that the qubits decohere faster at low magnetic fields with T2Rabi=18.6 μs and T2*=1.4 μs at 150 mT. Their coherence is limited by spin flips of residual 29Si nuclei in the isotopically enriched 28Si host material, which occur more frequently at lower fields. Our finding indicates that new trade-offs will be required to ensure the frequency stabilization of spin qubits, and highlights the importance of isotopic enrichment of device substrates for the realization of a scalable silicon-based quantum processor.

本文言語English
論文番号5500
ジャーナルNature communications
10
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 12 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

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