DnaA protein, the initiator for chromosomal DNA replication in Escherichia coli, has various activities, such as oligomerization (DnaA-DnaA interaction), ATP-binding, ATPase activity and membrane-binding. Site- directed mutational analyses have revealed not only the amino acid residues that are essential for these activities but also the functions of these activities. Following is a summary of the functions and regulatory mechanisms of DnaA protein in the initiation of chromosomal DNA replication. ATP-bound DnaA protein, but not other forms of the protein binds to the origin of DNA replication and forms oligomers to open-up the duplex DNA. This oligomerization is mediated by a DnaA-DnaA interaction through the N-terminal region of the protein. After initiation of DNA replication, the ATPase activity of DnaA protein is stimulated and DnaA protein is inactivated to the ADP-bound form to suppress the re-initiation of DNA replication. DnaA protein binds to acidic phospholipids through an ionic interaction between basic amino acid residues of the protein and acidic residues of phospholipids. This interaction seems to be involved in the re-activation of DnaA protein (from the ADP-bound form to the ATP-bound form) to initiate DNA replication after the appropriate interval.
|ジャーナル||Journal of biochemistry|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2000 1 1|
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