Sox17 is essential for the specification of cardiac mesoderm in embryonic stem cells

Yu Liu, Masanori Asakura, Hironori Inoue, Teruya Nakamura, Motoaki Sano, Zhiyv Niu, Michelle Chen, Robert J. Schwartz, Michael D. Schneider

研究成果: Article査読

124 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Early steps for cardiac specification are problematic for the study of mammalian embryos, which has favored using pluripotent cells that recapitulate cardiac myogenesis. Furthermore, circuits governing cardiac specification have relevance to the application of ES cells and other cells for heart repair. In mouse teratocarcinoma cells, canonical Wnts that inhibit heart formation in avian or amphibian embryos and explants activate cardiogenesis, paradoxically. Here, we show that the Wnt/β-catenin pathway also is essential for cardiac myogenesis to occur in ES cells, acting at a gastrulation-like stage, mediating mesoderm formation and patterning (two prerequisites for cardiac myogenesis itself). Among genes associated temporally with this step was Sox17, encoding an endodermal HMG-box transcription factor. Using lentiviral vectors for RNA interference in differentiating ES cells, an essential role for Sox17 was proven in cardiac muscle cell formation. Sox17 short-hairpin RNA suppresses cardiac myogenesis selectively, acting subsequent to mesoderm formation yet before induction of Mesp1 and Mesp2, a pair of related basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors that together are indispensable for creating heart mesoderm. Sox17 short-hairpin RNA blocks cardiac myogenesis non-cell autonomously and impairs the induction of Hex, a homeodomain transcription factor that is known to be required for the production of endoderm-derived heart-inducing factors.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3859-3864
ページ数6
ジャーナルProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
104
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2007 3 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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