This paper proposes a prediction model for three-dimensional spatio-temporal soil deformation in bucket excavation. The prediction model for soil deformation (PMSD) consists of two machine learning processes: the long short-term memory (LSTM) and convolutional autoencoder (Conv-AE). These processes use datasets obtained from an experimental apparatus for bucket excavation developed in this work. The apparatus equips multiple depth cameras that precisely capture time-series data of soil deformation in bucket excavation. The LSTM, an extension of a recurrent neural network, successively predicts three-dimensional soil deformation. The Conv-AE is incorporated to both ends of the LSTM in order to quasi-reversibly compress and reconstruct the datasets so that the computational burden of the LSTM is relaxed. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations of the PMSD confirm the feasibility of time-series prediction of three-dimensional soil deformation. The Conv-AE shows sufficient accuracy equivalent to the measurement accuracy of the depth camera. The prediction accuracy of the PMSD is about 10 mm in most of the cases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- コンピュータ サイエンスの応用