In future multi-tier cellular networks, cognitive radio (CR) compatible with device-to-de-vice (D2D) communication can be an aid to enhance system spectral efficiency (SE) and energy efficiency (EE). Users in proximity can establish a direct connection with D2D communication and by-pass the base stations (BSs), thereby offloading the network infrastructure and providing EE im-provement. We use stochastic geometry to model and analyze cognitive D2D communication underlying a multi-tier/multi-channel cellular network where the D2D transmitters are capable of harvesting RF energy from ambient interference resulting from simultaneous cellular downlink trans-missions. For further improvement in EE, small cells (SCs) can be put into a power-saving mode by specifying a load-dependent transmission power coefficient (TPC) for SC BSs. In addition, to con-sider practical D2D communication scenarios, we propose a wireless video sharing framework where cache-enabled users can store and exchange popular video files through D2D communica-tion. We investigate the potential effects of the TPC and the introduced D2D layer on the network EE and SE. We will also observe that the energy-harvesting CR-based D2D communication network design will not only ease the spectrum shortage problem but will also result in a greener network thanks to its reliance on ambient energies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- コンピュータ ネットワークおよび通信