We developed an autonomous functional surface, named a "self-oscillating polymer brush surface", which exhibits swelling-deswelling of the modified polymer chains synchronized with the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction. The grafted polymer chain is a random copolymer composed of thermoresponsive N-isopropylacrylamide, N-(3-aminopropyl)methacrylamide, and ruthenium tris(2,2′-bipyridine) [Ru(bpy)3]. To provide stable oscillations over a long period of time, suppression of the dilution of the BZ reactants inside the polymer surface and the increase in the amount of immobilized Ru(bpy)3 are important. Here, we modified the self-oscillating polymer brush on a porous glass substrate and characterized its dynamic behavior. The increased surface area of the porous glass allowed for an efficient introduction of the metal catalyst, which resulted in a stable BZ reaction observable by optical microscopy. Compared with an aqueous BZ solution and the self-oscillating polymer modified on a glass coverslip, the wave velocity and diffusion coefficient were significantly lower for the porous glass system, which suggested that the reaction-diffusion of the reactants was markedly different than those of the other two systems. Moreover, the wave velocity was unchanged on the porous glass system for 1 h, whereas that of the solution dropped by 30 μm s-1. Waveform analyses based on the Field-Körös-Noyes mechanism revealed that densely packed Ru(bpy)3 in the porous glass system affects the duration of the key processes in the BZ reaction. These findings can help with understanding the dynamic behavior of the self-oscillating polymer brush on a porous glass substrate. Stable self-oscillations on the polymer brush-grafted porous glass substrate will aid future applications such as mass transport systems.
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