Purpose: In Lewy body diseases (LBD), various symptoms occur depending on the distribution of Lewy body in the brain, and the findings of brain perfusion and dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DAT-SPECT) also change accordingly. We aimed to evaluate the correlation between brain perfusion SPECT and quantitative indices calculated from DAT-SPECT in patients with LBD. Procedures: We retrospectively enrolled 35 patients with LBD who underwent brain perfusion SPECT with N-isopropyl-p-[123I] iodoamphetamine and DAT-SPECT with 123I-ioflupane. Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) data were also collected from 19 patients. Quantitative indices (specific binding ratio [SBR], putamen-to-caudate ratio [PCR], and caudate-to-putamen ratio [CPR]) were calculated using DAT-SPECT. These data were analysed by the statistical parametric mapping procedure. Results: In patients with LBD, decreased PCR index correlated with hypoperfusion in the brainstem (medulla oblongata and midbrain) (uncorrected p < 0.001, k > 100), while decreased CPR index correlated with hypoperfusion in the right temporoparietal cortex (family-wise error corrected p < 0.05), right precuneus (uncorrected p < 0.001, k > 100), and bilateral temporal cortex (uncorrected p < 0.001, k > 100). However, there was no significant correlation between decreased SBR index and brain perfusion. Additionally, the MMSE score was correlated with hypoperfusion in the left temporoparietal cortex (uncorrected p < 0.001). Conclusions: This study suggests that regional changes in striatal 123I-ioflupane accumulation on DAT-SPECT are related to brain perfusion changes in patients with LBD.
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