The murine smoke-induced model produces histologic emphysema. The authors sought to assess whether the structural emphysema that occurred correlated with the development of compliance changes. The study exposed 2 strains of mice (CBA/J/Jx C57BL/ 6J and A/J) to chronic cigarette smoke. Lung compliance and morphometry were measured. The smoking model generated significant emphysema in A/J mice in the absence of changes in compliance, lung matrix, or apoptosis. Importantly, there was no correlation between the emphysema measured by lung morphometry and pulmonary compliance. This lack of correlation suggests that the mechanisms involved in anatomic emphysema may be distinct from those that cause the loss of elastic recoil.
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