Polysulfone ultrafiltration membranes were fabricated using various sizes (20, 40, and 90–210 nm) of silver nanoparticles (nAg) blended in a dope solution. To characterize the performance and properties of the prepared membranes, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), water contact angle, protein separation, water flux, and antibacterial tests were conducted. The characterization results revealed that when nAg particles (20 nm) were blended into the base polymer PSF, the PSF/nAg blended membrane had the lowest contact angle (58.5◦ ) and surface energy (110.7 mN/m). When experimenting with ultrafiltration using protein solutions, bare PSF and PSF/nAg-20 blended membranes gave similar values of protein rejection: 93% of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and 70% of lysozyme rejection. Furthermore, SEM studies showed that the surface pore size was reduced by adding 20 nm nAg particles in the casting solution. Most importantly, the introduction of 40 nm nAg particles reduced the growth of bacterial colonies on the membrane surface by up to 72%. These findings revealed that nAg particles are expected to be a potential modifier for the fabrication of an ultrafiltration membrane.
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