A 49-year-old man with CTEPH (pre-procedural mean pulmonary artery pressure: 36 mmHg) underwent balloon pulmonary angioplasty. Chronic total occlusion of the left inferior pulmonary artery trunk was observed. To evaluate the collateral vessels of the chronic total occlusion, 4D-CTA was performed. The examination was performed using a 256-row detector CT system using the test bolus tracking method. 4D-CTA showed the bronchial artery-to-left inferior pulmonary artery collateral supply, which was confirmed by a selective bronchial artery angiography. The patient’s symptoms improved with balloon pulmonary angioplasty of the other stenotic lesions. 4D-CTA can noninvasively evaluate the anatomy and hemodynamics of multiple systemic collaterals simultaneously. This technique can support interventions in systemic artery-to-pulmonary artery collaterals, such as embolization, and could be helpful in challenging balloon pulmonary angioplasty interventions for chronic total occlusion to identify vessel structures distal to the chronic total occlusion and collateral channels for a retrograde approach.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine