Endovascular approaches to treating a diseased ascending aorta are challenging. We report the use of an endovascular occlusion device for successful closure of a ruptured penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer of an ascending aorta. A 47-year-old female patient with Takayasu arteritis complained of a worsening hemoptysis. She had a history of Bentall procedure for a sinus of Valsalva aneurysm and redo surgery for a ruptured penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer close to the distal anastomosis. She developed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) mediastinitis after the second procedure and required negative pressure wound therapy. Computed tomographic angiography revealed recurrence of a ruptured penetrating aortic ulcer and an aortobronchial fistula. Because of the high risk of redo sternotomy after MRSA mediastinitis, we used an endovascular occlusion device to achieve successful percutaneous closure. The patient was discharged without any complications. Postoperative computed tomography scans showed that the endovascular device was positioned without migration and that complete thrombosis of the penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer was achieved. This is the first report on endovascular repair of a ruptured penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer of the ascending aorta in Takayasu arteritis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas