Superfluid density of states and pseudogap phenomenon in the BCS-BEC crossover regime of a superfluid Fermi gas

Ryota Watanabe, Shunji Tsuchiya, Yoji Ohashi

研究成果: Article査読

49 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We investigate single-particle excitations and strong-coupling effects in the BCS-BEC crossover regime of a superfluid Fermi gas. Including phase and amplitude fluctuations of the superfluid order parameter within a T-matrix theory, we calculate the superfluid density of states (DOS), as well as single-particle spectral weight, over the entire BCS-BEC crossover region below the superfluid transition temperature Tc. We clarify how the pseudogap in the normal state evolves into the superfluid gap, as one passes through Tc. While the pseudogap in DOS continuously evolves into the superfluid gap in the weak-coupling BCS regime, the superfluid gap in the crossover region is shown to appear in DOS after the pseudogap disappears below Tc. In the phase diagram with respect to the temperature and interaction strength, we determine the region where strong pairing fluctuations dominate over single-particle properties of the system. Our results would be useful for the study of strong-coupling phenomena in the BCS-BEC crossover regime of a superfluid Fermi gas.

本文言語English
論文番号043630
ジャーナルPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
82
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 10月 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 原子分子物理学および光学

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