We investigate strong-coupling superfluidity in a uniform two-component gas of ultracold Fermi atoms attractively interacting via quasimolecular bosons associated with a Feshbach resonance. This interaction is tunable by the threshold energy [Formula Presented] of the Feshbach resonance, becoming large as [Formula Presented] is decreased (relative to [Formula Presented] where [Formula Presented] is the Fermi energy of one component). In recent work, we showed that the enhancement of this tunable pairing interaction naturally leads to the BCS-BEC (Bose-Einstein condensation) crossover, where the character of the superfluid phase transition changes from the BCS type to a BEC of composite bosons consisting of preformed Cooper-pairs and Feshbach-induced molecules. In this paper, we extend our previous work and study both the quasiparticles and the collective dynamics of the superfluid phase below the phase-transition temperature [Formula Presented] limiting ourselves to a uniform gas. We show how the superfluid order parameter changes from the Cooper-pair amplitude [Formula Presented] to the square root of the number of condensed molecules [Formula Presented] associated with the Feshbach resonance, as the threshold energy [Formula Presented] is lowered. In the intermediate coupling regime, the superfluidity is shown to be characterized by an order parameter consisting of a superposition of [Formula Presented] and [Formula Presented] We also discuss the Goldstone mode associated with superfluidity, and show how its character smoothly changes from the Anderson-Bogoliubov phonon in the BCS regime to the Bogoliubov phonon in the BEC regime in the BCS-BEC crossover. The velocity of this Goldstone phonon mode is shown to strongly depend on the value of [Formula Presented] We also show that this Goldstone mode appears as a resonance in the spectrum of the density-density correlation function, which is experimentally accessible.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|出版物ステータス||Published - 2003 1 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics