Suppression of non-random fertilization by mhc class i antigens

Junki Kamiya, Woojin Kang, Keiichi Yoshida, Ryota Takagi, Seiya Kanai, Maito Hanai, Akihiro Nakamura, Mitsutoshi Yamada, Yoshitaka Miyamoto, Mami Miyado, Yoko Kuroki, Yoshiki Hayashi, Akihiro Umezawa, Natsuko Kawano, Kenji Miyado

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Hermaphroditic invertebrates and plants have a self-recognition system on the cell surface of sperm and eggs, which prevents their self-fusion and enhances non-self-fusion, thereby contributing to genetic variation. However, the system of sperm–egg recognition in mammals is under debate. To address this issue, we explored the role of major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC class I, also known as histocompatibility 2-Kb or H2-Kb and H2-Db in mice) antigens by analyzing H2-Kb-/- H2-Db-/- β2-microglobulin (β2M)-/- triple-knockout (T-KO) male mice with full fertility. T-KO sperm exhibited an increased sperm number in the perivitelline space of wild-type (WT) eggs in vitro. Moreover, T-KO sperm showed multiple fusion with zona pellucida (ZP)-free WT eggs, implying that the ability of polyspermy block for sperm from T-KO males was weakened in WT eggs. When T-KO male mice were intercrossed with WT female mice, the percentage of females in progeny increased. We speculate that WT eggs prefer fusion with T-KO sperm, more specifically X-chromosome-bearing sperm (X sperm), suggesting the presence of preferential (non-random) fertilization in mammals, including humans.

本文言語English
論文番号8731
ページ(範囲)1-13
ページ数13
ジャーナルInternational journal of molecular sciences
21
22
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 11 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 触媒
  • 分子生物学
  • 分光学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 有機化学
  • 無機化学

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