We investigated the efficacy of lacrimal punctal occlusion surgery with a cautery device in patients with chronic GVHD (cGVHD)-related dry eye, with recanalization of puncta and recurrent punctal plug extrusion. A total of 23 puncta from 14 eyes of 10 patients with chronic GVHD (cGVHD)-related dry eye underwent punctual thermal cauterization with a high-temperature disposable cautery device. All patients were refractory to conventional treatment, including artificial tear eye drops, autologous serum eye drops and vitamin A eye drops, and had a history of recanalization and recurrent punctal plug extrusion. The effect of lacrimal punctal cauterization by thermal cautery device was evaluated by changes in subjective symptom scores, corrected distance visual acuity, Schirmer's test values, fluorescein staining scores, rose bengal staining scores, and tear-film break-up time before and 3 months after the surgery. Subjective symptom scores, Schirmer's test values, fluorescein and rose bengal scores, and tear-film break-up time improved significantly 3 months after the surgery. Recanalization of puncta was not observed in all the cases (0 of 14 eyes, 0%). Lacrimal punctal cauterization was effective with no recanalization and significant improvements in subjective symptoms and the ocular surface environment in cGVHD-related dry eye patients who had been refractory to conventional treatments.
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