Mitochondrial uncoupling is one of the therapeutic strategies used to control energy metabolism in various metabolic diseases and in obesity. Ppc-1 (1), a prenylated quinolinecarboxylic acid isolated from cellular slime molds, shows uncoupling activity in vitro and anti-obesity activity in vivo. In this study, we synthesized Ppc-1 (1) and its derivatives, and revealed the structure-activity relationship of uncoupling activities. The triprenylated compound 18 showed mitochondrial uncoupling activity that was more potent than that of Ppc-1 (1). Compound 18 also suppressed weight gain in mice without undesired effects such as lesions on tissues. These results indicate that compound 18 could be used as a seed compound for new anti-obesity drugs.
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