Objective: This study compared the reporting frequency of tardive dyskinesia (TD) between long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAI-APs) and the equivalent oral antipsychotics (O-APs), LAI first-generation antipsychotics (LAI-FGAs) and LAI second-generation antipsychotics (LAI-SGAs), and individual LAI-APs. Methods: The Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report was used in this study, and data were obtained from April 2004 to February 2021. Patients who received LAI-APs available in Japan (LAI haloperidol, LAI fluphenazine, LAI aripiprazole, LAI risperidone, and LAI paliperidone) or the equivalent O-APs were included in this study. We calculated the adjusted reporting odds ratios (aRORs) to compare the reporting frequency of TD. Results: A total of 8,425 patients were included in the study. TD was reported significantly less frequently with LAI paliperidone than with oral paliperidone (aROR [95% confidence interval (CI)] = 0.13 [0.05-0.36]). Other LAI-APs were associated with a numerically lower reporting frequency of TD than the equivalent oral SGAs. The reporting frequency of TD associated with LAI-SGAs was significantly lower than that of LAI-FGAs (aROR [95% CI] = 0.18 [0.08-0.43]). All LAI-SGAs were significantly associated with a lower reporting frequency of TD than that of LAI fluphenazine (aROR [95% CI]: LAI aripiprazole, 0.11 [0.04-0.35]; LAI risperidone, 0.09 [0.03-0.32]; LAI paliperidone, 0.02 [0.005-0.09]). and LAI haloperidol, 8.58 [1.85-39.72]). LAI fluphenazine was significantly associated with a higher reporting frequency of TD than LAI haloperidol (aROR [95% CI] = 8.58 [1.85-39.72]). The reporting frequency of TD associated with LAI paliperidone was significantly lower than that with LAI aripiprazole (aROR [95% CI] = 0.18 [0.05-0.73]). Conclusions: Compared to O-APs, LAI-APs, particularly LAI-SGAs, may be associated with a lower risk of TD.
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