Background: Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL) is characterized by heterotopic bone formation in the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine. Although the patients with OPLL are more common in the 60s and 70s, we know that there are markedly young patients (e.g., early 40s). However, to the best of our knowledge, there is few reports characterize young patients with cervical OPLL in terms of the imaging features, subjective symptoms, and ADL problems. Methods: This is the multicenter cross-sectional study. Two hundred and thirty-seven Japanese symptomatic patients with cervical OPLL confirmed by standard X-rays collected from 16 institutions belonging to the Japanese Multicenter Research Organization for Ossification of the Spinal Ligament formed by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare were recruited. Whole spine CT data as well as demographic data such as age, gender, patients-based evaluations, and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) were evaluated. Results: Young group (≦ 45 years old) consisted of 23 patients (8 females and 15 males), accounting for 9.7% of the total. Their characteristics were high body mass index (BMI), significant involvement of trauma in the onset and deterioration of symptoms, and the predominance of thoracic OPLL. The patient-based evaluations did not show a significant difference between the young and non-young groups, or between the genders in the young group except for bodily pain (BP) of SF-36. Female patients in young group had significantly lower BP score of SF-36 than that of male in young group. Conclusions: Characteristics of young patients with cervical OPLL were high BMI, significant involvement of trauma in the onset and deterioration of symptoms, lower BP score of SF-36 in female, and the predominance of thoracic OPLL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas