Genetic factors seem to play a significant role in susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We previously described the amino acid polymorphism (Val14Met) within the IFN-γ receptor 1 (IFN-γR1), and that the frequency of the Met14 allele in SLE patients was significantly higher than that of the healthy control population. We also found an amino acid polymorphism (Gln64Arg) within IFN-γ receptor 2 (IFN-γR2). Since the IFN-γ receptor is a complex consisting of IFN-γR1 and IFN-γR2, we searched for the particular combination of two kinds of amino acid polymorphisms found within the IFN-γ receptor which plays a prominent role in susceptibility to SLE. The greatest risk of the development of SLE was detected in the individuals who had the combination of IFNGR1 Met14/Val14 genotype and IFNGR2 Gln64/Gln64 genotype.
ASJC Scopus subject areas