A 49-year-old man presented with gradually progressive aphasia one month after being diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple brain lesions with punctate and linear enhancement. A polymerase chain reaction detected Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the patient’s cerebrospinal fluid. A diagnosis of isolated central nervous system lymphomatoid granulomatosis (CNS-LYG) was made based on the brain biopsy findings. The complete remission of CNS-LYG was achieved by anti-retroviral therapy (ART) alone. In the present case, the development of AIDS-associated CNS-LYG was considered to have been initiated by the reactivation of EBV in the CNS under immunosuppressive conditions. The patient’s condition improved with the reconstitution of the patient’s immune system.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2017|
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