A 49-year-old man presented with gradually progressive aphasia one month after being diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple brain lesions with punctate and linear enhancement. A polymerase chain reaction detected Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the patient’s cerebrospinal fluid. A diagnosis of isolated central nervous system lymphomatoid granulomatosis (CNS-LYG) was made based on the brain biopsy findings. The complete remission of CNS-LYG was achieved by anti-retroviral therapy (ART) alone. In the present case, the development of AIDS-associated CNS-LYG was considered to have been initiated by the reactivation of EBV in the CNS under immunosuppressive conditions. The patient’s condition improved with the reconstitution of the patient’s immune system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas