Objective: The purpose of this study is to construct the cross-sectional head circumference growth curves, intended for clinical use, for the Japanese from birth to 18 years of age. Subjects and methods: Two sets of the national survey data on head circumference and height were utilized for the study: (1) The 1990 data collected by the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare on children below 7 years of age (n= 16621, 8511 males, 8110 females). (2) The 1992-1994 data collected by the Research Institute of Human Engineering for Quality Life on children from 7 to 18 years of age (n = 10 183, 5610 males, 4573 females). We used the LMS method to obtain the 3rd, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th and 97th percentile values for each age and gender. Results and conclusions: The results showed a persistent positive secular trend in head circumference in Japanese children of both genders. Comparison of these data with those of recent Caucasian studies revealed ethnic difference in head circumference, with Japanese having relatively larger head circumference for height as compared with Caucasians.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health