The direct/indirect association of ADHD/ODD symptoms with self-esteem, self-perception, and depression in early adolescents

Yosuke Kita, Yuki Inoue

研究成果: Article査読

25 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The present study aimed to reveal the influences of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms on self-esteem and self-perception during early adolescence and to clarify the spillover effect of self-esteem on depressive symptoms. ADHD symptoms in 564 early adolescents were evaluated via teacher-rating scales. Self-esteem and depressive symptoms were assessed via self-reported scales. We analyzed the relationships among these symptoms using structural equation modeling. Severe inattentive symptoms decreased self-esteem and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms affected self-perception for non-academic domains. Although these ADHD symptoms did not directly affect depressive symptoms, low self-esteem led to severe depression. ODD symptoms had a direct impact on depression without the mediating effects of self-esteem. These results indicated that inattentive symptoms had a negative impact on self-esteem and an indirect negative effect on depressive symptoms in adolescents, even if ADHD symptoms were subthreshold. Severe ODD symptoms can be directly associated with depressive symptoms during early adolescence.

本文言語English
論文番号137
ジャーナルFrontiers in Psychiatry
8
JUL
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 7月 31
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 精神医学および精神衛生

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