Background: The relationship between dopamine D 2 receptor (D 2 R) occupancy and impaired illness awareness (IIA) remains unclear. While IIA is associated with illness severity and cognitive dysfunction, antipsychotic medication, the principal treatment for schizophrenia, indirectly improves IIA, but may simultaneously contribute to cognitive dysfunction at supratherapeutic doses. Aim and methods: We investigated the influence of estimated D 2 R (Est.D 2 R) occupancy by antipsychotics on the relationships between IIA and illness severity, and IIA and cognition. IIA was assessed in 373 adult patients with schizophrenia (18−62 years) using data from CATIE. IIA was measured using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) item G12. D 2 R occupancy levels were estimated from plasma concentrations for risperidone, olanzapine, and ziprasidone. Correlation, regression, and path analyses were performed to examine IIA's relationship to illness severity, cognition, and Est.D 2 R. Results: Illness severity was predictive of IIA. However, premorbid IQ, cognition, and Est.D 2 R did not predict IIA, and Est.D 2 R did not serve either a moderating or mediating role in both regression and path analyses. Conclusions: Consistent with previous literature, our results suggest that IIA is a function of illness severity in adult patients with schizophrenia. Future studies should explore whether D 2 R occupancy mediates the relationships between IIA and illness severity, and IIA and cognitive dysfunction, in late-life schizophrenia (i.e. ≥60 years) given the effects of aging on cognition, IIA, and antipsychotic sensitivity.
|ジャーナル||Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2019 3月 8|
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