Background: Despite being widely used, to date (June 2021), the regimen of bevacizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks (Q2W) combined with chemotherapy is not approved in Japan for patients with platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer. In this retrospective analysis, we evaluated the usage patterns of bevacizumab administered for platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer. Methods: We obtained clinical data from 155 Japanese medical facilities between November 2013 and December 2018 via a survey. Items included the number of cases of platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer treated with bevacizumab according to dosage. For regimens including bevacizumab 10 mg/kg Q2W, additional information was requested relating to concomitantly administered agents, and the efficacy and safety of the regimen. Results: Of 1739 bevacizumab-containing regimens reported in 1633 patients with recurrent ovarian cancer, 264 used 10 mg/kg Q2W. The overall response rate (ORR) with this regimen was 26.1%. Response rates varied according to regimen and were particularly favorable when bevacizumab 10 mg/kg Q2W was administered with paclitaxel (ORR, 53.0%) versus liposomal doxorubicin (15.0%; P < 0.0001) and irinotecan (7.7%; P < 0.028). The most frequent Grade ≥ 3 adverse events associated with bevacizumab 10 mg/kg Q2W were neutropenia (11.7%) and hypertension (11.7%). The most frequent bevacizumab-associated Grade ≥ 3 adverse events with bevacizumab plus paclitaxel versus bevacizumab plus liposomal doxorubicin were hypertension (9.0% versus 13.9%) and proteinuria (3.0% versus 8.4%). Conclusions: Bevacizumab 10 mg/kg Q2W appears efficacious for patients with recurrent ovarian cancer, with a manageable toxicity profile. Approval of this regimen is clinically desirable for Japanese patients with ovarian cancer.
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