This article présents a new aspect of the links between J.-J. Rousseau and the Encyclopédie, namely botany. When studying plants, Rousseau often consulted and copied botanical articles from the Encyclopédie. This article provides concrète examples of copying, through an analysis of the Dictionnaire de botanique, Fragment sur le sénéka and two unpublished documents by Rousseau, paying particular attention to the question of the date of writing. The article also shows the sources of the Encyclopédie articles ŒILLETONS, ONGLE, SENÉKA and SUPPORTS.
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