Objective: The influence of preoperative mental health on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the influence of preoperative mental health HRQOL after laminectomy in patients with LSS. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 122 patients who had lumbar spinous process splitting laminectomy (LSPSL) for LSS. We assessed clinical information; Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score; numerical rating scale (NRS) for low back pain, for leg pain, and for leg numbness; Zurich Claudication Questionnaire (ZCQ); JOA Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ); Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ); and Short Form 8 (SF-8) as patient reported outcomes. Patients were divided into two groups (Group L ≤ 36.2 points and Group NL > 36.2 points) based on the results of the preoperative mental health (MH) score in SF-8 to examine the influence of MH in LSS. We compared the HRQOL between the two groups postoperatively. Results: The JOA score, NRS, and ZCQ score significantly improved after surgery. HRQOL outcomes including JOABPEQ, RMDQ, and SF-8 showed that the LSPSL improved not only the physical but also the mental function in patients with LSS. All HRQOL outcomes in Group L exhibited significantly worse scores preoperatively; however, no significant differences between two groups were found postoperatively. Conclusions: LSPSL greatly reduced low back pain, leg pain, and leg numbness. LSPSL resulted in a significant improvement based on HRQOL questionnaires even in patients with preoperative depressive mood. Not only the physical status but also the mental health may improve after LSPSL even in patients with LSS with a depressive mood preoperatively.
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