We previously reported a novel monoclonal antibody KOR-SA3544 which predominantly reacted with a surface antigen (sSA3544) expressed on Philadelphia chromosome (Ph1)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In the present study, we demonstrate that the antibody specifically recognized nonspecific cross-reacting antigen (NCA)-50/90 (CD66c), one of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-related glycoproteins encoded by a member of the CEA gene family. In addition, we show that the SA3544 antigen (NCA-50/90) was invariably expressed in cytoplasm of all of the human leukemic cell lines examined (sSA3544-positive B-lymphoid two, sSA3544-negative T or B-lymphoid and non-lymphoid 24) regardless of the presence or absence of surface expression of this antigen. Immunoelectromicroscopic examination revealed that the cytoplasmic antigen was mainly present in granules in sSA3544-positive leukemia cells, whereas it was diffusely present in cytosol in sSA3544-negative leukemia cells. Thus, among members of the CEA family, NCA-50/90 was first demonstrated to be expressed not only on the surface of some leukemia cells, but also in cytoplasm of various types of leukemia cells.
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