The potential of vitamin K3 as an anticancer agent against breast cancer that acts via the mitochondria-related apoptotic pathway

Takeshi Akiyoshi, Sumio Matzno, Mika Sakai, Noboru Okamura, Kenji Matsuyama

研究成果: Article

51 引用 (Scopus)


Purpose: We tried to clarify the cytotoxic mechanism of VK3 using the breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Methods: Cytotoxicity was measured via intracellular esterase activity. DNA fragmentation was assessed by agarose gel electrophoresis. JC-1 staining was applied to measure mitochondrial dysfunction. Caspase activation and reactive oxidative species (ROS) generation were also measured. Results: VK3 exhibited cytotoxicity that caused DNA fragmentation in MCF-7 cells with an IC50 of 14.2 μM. JC-1 staining revealed that VK3 caused mitochondrial dysfunction including a disappearance of mitochondrial membrane potential. Additional investigation showed that the mitochondrial damage was induced by the generation of ROS and the subsequent activation of caspase-7 and -9. Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate that VK3-induced apoptosis is selectively initiated by the mitochondria-related pathway and might be useful in breast cancer chemotherapy.

ジャーナルCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
出版物ステータスPublished - 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Toxicology