Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, are used in Rwanda for transfusion transport, but they have not yet been used in Japan. This technology holds promise for transporting medical supplies during disasters or to remote places where the terrain makes it difficult to travel by land. One of the difficulties in using UAVs is the temperature-control requirements for red blood cell (RBC) solutions, i.e., 2◦C to 6◦C according to Japanese regulations. This study aimed to describe the effectiveness of UAV-based transport of RBC solution. For testing, we gradually increased the UAV travel distance, monitored the temperature of the RBC solution, and conducted laboratory tests to check the integrity of the blood sample. Lactate dehydrogenase (LD) was used as a hemolytic index to indicate the effect of the UAV flight on the blood samples. The UAV was able to exceed 7 km of travel distance despite the relatively heavy load needed for the RBC solution storage. The LD level was not significantly different between the flight and non-flight (control) samples. However, we were not able to completely maintain a temperature of 2◦C to 6◦C; nonetheless, the deviation was within the safe range.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- コンピュータ サイエンスの応用