CXCL10 is a chemoattractant for immune cells that is involved in several immune-inflammatory disorders. This study retrospectively examined the impact of a single nucleotide variation (rs3921, +. 1642C>G) in the CXCL10 gene on transplant outcomes in a cohort of 652 patients who underwent unrelated HLA-matched bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for hematologic malignancies. The recipient C/G or G/G genotype was found to be associated with a significantly better 5-year overall survival (OS) rate and a lower transplant-related mortality (TRM) rate than the recipient C/C genotype. The recipient C/G or G/G genotype also predicted a reduced incidence of death due to organ failure. The multivariate analysis showed the recipient C/G or G/G genotype to exhibit statistical trends toward beneficial effects on OS but not on TRM. CXCL10 genotyping could therefore be useful in predicting prognoses and creating therapeutic strategies for improving the final outcomes of patients who undergo allogeneic BMT.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy