We studied the changes in the shape of the triangular fibrocatilage (TFC: disc proper) which occur during forearm rotation in disarticulated and articulated wrists. The influence of artificial 3 mm ulnar lengthening on distortion of the disc was also examined. In the disarticulated wrists, slight distortion of the central and radial portions of the TFC was observed in the ulnar neutral variance specimens. More distortion was noted in the radial and central portions of the TFC in specimens with positive ulnar variance or with the ulna lengthened. However, in the articulated wrist, the TFC demonstrated little change in shape during pronosupination even in the ulnar positive variance wrists or with the ulna lengthened. There was no significant change in palmar and dorsal peripheral lengths of the TFC in ulnar neutral, ulnar positive or ulna-lengthened specimens at three rotatory positions of the forearm. These findings suggest that changes in ulnar variance which occur during forearm rotation can produce distortion on the TFC, but the carpus helps to maintain the shape of the TFC during pronation-supination, even with positive ulnar variance.
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