The structure of cross-cultural musical diversity

Tom Rzeszutek, Patrick E. Savage, Steven Brown

研究成果: Article査読

36 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Human cultural traits, such as languages, musics, rituals and material objects, vary widely across cultures. However, the majority of comparative analyses of human cultural diversity focus on between-culture variation without consideration for within-culture variation. In contrast, biological approaches to genetic diversity, such as the analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) framework, partition genetic diversity into both within- and between-population components. We attempt here for the first time to quantify both components of cultural diversity by applying the AMOVA model to music. By employing this approach with 421 traditional songs from 16 Austronesian-speaking populations, we show that the vast majority of musical variability is due to differences within populations rather than differences between. This demonstrates a striking parallel to the structure of genetic diversity in humans. A neighbour-net analysis of pairwise population musical divergence shows a large amount of reticulation, indicating the pervasive occurrence of borrowing and/or convergent evolution of musical features across populations.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1606-1612
ページ数7
ジャーナルProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
279
1733
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2012 4月 22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 免疫学および微生物学(全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 環境科学(全般)
  • 農業および生物科学(全般)

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