Theoretical analysis of the order to disorder phase transition in random photonic crystals

Shimpei Hamada, Seiji Takeda, Pierre Viktorovitch, Mitsuhiro Terakawa, Minoru Obara

研究成果: Conference contribution

抄録

The effect of structural randomness introduction into ordered photonic crystals on the behavior of the Bloch-mode and defect mode is presented. In order to induce strong localization of optical waves in nanostructures, there are two kinds of schemes: to utilize the defect mode in photonic crystals and Anderson localization modes in random structures. Recently, the intermediate state between the two above structures has been remarkably noticed. Despite its potential advantage, however, the modal characteristic of these merged structures, random photonic crystals, has not been revealed systematically yet. The aim is to figure out the appropriate degree of randomness to induce highly localized modes. We investigate an impulse response of the random photonic crystals by 2D FDTD method. We array air holes with triangular lattice shape into silicon substrate based material, and set a defect area in the center. The randomness is introduced into the structure by randomly dislocating the positions of the air holes. After the impulse illumination, we acquire the temporal evolution of the electric amplitudes over the system. By employing DFT on the sampled signals, we achieve the frequency spectrum and Q factors of the modes. We confirmed the optical phase transition of the system: with the increase of the randomness, the propagating Bloch-modes become localized and achieve higher Q factors. Slight spectrum shifts are also confirmed. The confinement efficiency of optical waves in the photonic crystals is greatly improved as well.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルPhotonic and Phononic Properties of Engineered Nanostructures
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011
イベントPhotonic and Phononic Properties of Engineered Nanostructures - San Francisco, CA, United States
継続期間: 2011 1 242011 1 27

出版物シリーズ

名前Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
7946
ISSN(印刷版)0277-786X

Other

OtherPhotonic and Phononic Properties of Engineered Nanostructures
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period11/1/2411/1/27

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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