A new apparatus based on dynamic grating radiometry (DGR) to measure the thermal diffusivity of high-conductivity materials such as graphite and diamond has been developed. In the DGR method, a sample surface is heated by interference of two pulsed laser beams, and the decay of temperature at a spot on the thermal grating is monitored by an infrared detector. In the ideal case where the grating period is much smaller than the light absorption length, the thermal diffusivity parallel to the surface can be determined from the decay constant and the grating period. This paper describes a procedure to extract the thermal diffusivity parallel to the plane while eliminating the effect of anisotropy and gives results for a preliminary measurement using Zr foil. A quadratic dependence of the time constant on fringe space has been observed in the fringe space change. Data are also presented for a 0.1-mm-thick graphite sheet. The results indicate the capability of DGR to measure anisotropic high-conductivity materials.
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