Thermodynamic analysis of hydrate-based refrigeration cycle

Riku Matsuura, Kosuke Watanabe, Yuji Yamauchi, Haruki Sato, Li Jen Chen, Ryo Ohmura

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Clathrate hydrates (hydrates) have a larger dissociation heat than an evaporation heat of the working fluid of conventional refrigeration systems. This property can be applied to a novel refrigeration system. In this study, theoretical performance analysis of the refrigeration system utilizing hydrates as its working medium was conducted. We modeled the thermodynamic cycle of the hydrate-based refrigeration system composed of following processes: adiabatic compression, hydrate formation at high temperature, adiabatic expansion, and hydrate dissociation at low temperature. Based on the thermodynamic cycle, the coefficient of performance (COP) of the hydrate cycle was theoretically formulated with thermodynamic state functions of the working medium. Using the formula, COP was calculated on the three hydrate forming systems including HFC-32 + cyclopentane (CP) + water, Kr + CP + water, and HFC-41 + CP + water. The analysis based on the calculated results revealed that the dissociation heat of hydrates and the enthalpy change of guest gas were dominant factors to COP and polyatomic molecules would be appropriate for guest gas of hydrates. The maximum COP values on the hydrate cycle were comparable to those of the reversed Rankine cycle. The hydrate-based refrigeration system outperformed conventional refrigeration systems in terms of safety and environmental-friendliness.

本文言語English
論文番号119652
ジャーナルEnergy
220
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 4 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 土木構造工学
  • 建築および建設
  • モデリングとシミュレーション
  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • 燃料技術
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術
  • 汚染
  • エネルギー(全般)
  • 機械工学
  • 産業および生産工学
  • 管理、モニタリング、政策と法律
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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