Non-Hodgkin diffuse large B-cell lymphomas of the mastoid that extend from the nasopharynx are extremely rare in children. Moreover, in lymphoproliferative diseases, the presence of otoneurological signs prior to systemic disease involvement is rare. Here, we present a rare case of non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphoma invading the middle ear and mastoid in a 1-year-old boy that mimicked acute mastoiditis with complete facial nerve palsy. As this case illustrates, physicians should consider a diagnosis of malignant lymphoma if a patient presents with otitis media and mastoiditis accompanied by facial palsy.
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