Thymidine Catabolism as a Metabolic Strategy for Cancer Survival

Sho Tabata, Masatatsu Yamamoto, Hisatsugu Goto, Akiyoshi Hirayama, Maki Ohishi, Takuya Kuramoto, Atsushi Mitsuhashi, Ryuji Ikeda, Misako Haraguchi, Kohichi Kawahara, Yoshinari Shinsato, Kentaro Minami, Atsuro Saijo, Masaki Hanibuchi, Yasuhiko Nishioka, Saburo Sone, Hiroyasu Esumi, Masaru Tomita, Tomoyoshi Soga, Tatsuhiko FurukawaShin ichi Akiyama

研究成果: Article査読

15 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Thymidine phosphorylase (TP), a rate-limiting enzyme in thymidine catabolism, plays a pivotal role in tumor progression; however, the mechanisms underlying this role are not fully understood. Here, we found that TP-mediated thymidine catabolism could supply the carbon source in the glycolytic pathway and thus contribute to cell survival under conditions of nutrient deprivation. In TP-expressing cells, thymidine was converted to metabolites, including glucose 6-phosphate, lactate, 5-phospho-α-D-ribose 1-diphosphate, and serine, via the glycolytic pathway both in vitro and in vivo. These thymidine-derived metabolites were required for the survival of cells under low-glucose conditions. Furthermore, activation of thymidine catabolism was observed in human gastric cancer. These findings demonstrate that thymidine can serve as a glycolytic pathway substrate in human cancer cells.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1313-1321
ページ数9
ジャーナルCell Reports
19
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 5 16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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