As a mammalian toll-like receptor family member protein, TLR2 recognizes lipoproteins from bacteria and modulates the immune response by inducing the expression of various cytokines. We have developed fluorescence-labeled TLR2 ligands with either hydrophilic or hydrophobic fluorescence groups. The labeled ligands maintained the inflammatory IL-6 induction activity and enabled us to observe the internalization and colocalization of the TLR2 ligands using live-cell imaging. The time-lapse monitoring in the live-cell imaging of the fluorescence-labeled TLR2 ligand showed that TLR2/CD14 expression in the host cells enhanced the internalization of TLR2 ligand molecules.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry