Time-of-flight measurements of vortices emitted from quantum turbulence in superfluid 4He

H. Kubo, Y. Nago, A. Nishijima, K. Obara, H. Yano, O. Ishikawa, T. Hata

研究成果: Article査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

An oscillating obstacle generates quantum turbulence in superfluids, when vortices remained attached to obstacle surfaces or vortex rings collided with it during oscillation. Turbulence provides a source of vortices; however, the characteristics of these vortices are not clear. In the present work, we report the flight of vortices emitted from quantum turbulence in superfluid 4He at low temperatures, using vibrating wires as a generator and a detector of vortices. A vortex-free vibrating wire can detect only the first colliding vortex ring, though it will be refreshed after low vibration and be able to detect a vortex ring again. By measuring a period from the start of turbulence generation to the vortex detection repeatedly, we find an exponential distribution of time-of-flights with a non-detection period t 0 and a mean detection period t 1, suggesting a Poisson process. Both periods t 0 and t 1 increase with increasing distance between a generator and a detector. A vortex flight velocity estimated from period t 0 suggests that the sizes of the emitted vortex rings distribute to a range smaller than a generator thickness or a generator vibration amplitude. Vortices are emitted radially from a turbulence region, at least in the direction of oscillator vibration.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)466-472
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Low Temperature Physics
171
5-6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 6月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 原子分子物理学および光学
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 凝縮系物理学

フィンガープリント

「Time-of-flight measurements of vortices emitted from quantum turbulence in superfluid 4He」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル